Tuesday, July 27, 2010

Early stage of Graphium sarpedon luctatius (Common Bluebottle) 青凤蝶

Early Stage of Graphium sarpedon luctatius (Common Bluebottle) 青凤蝶

Common Bluebootle is one of the common butterfly which can be found in both Parks and Nature Reserves, due to plenty of host plant (Cinnamomum iners - Wild Cinnamon 樟树) available & planted almost everywhere in Singapore. The fast flying butterfly is usually found together with Blue Jay (Graphium Evemon) feeding (puddle) on the roadside seepages.

Both genders are look alike except for the scent fold on the hindwing of the male.

Caterpillar Host Plants: Cinnamomum iners (Loranthaceae), Persea odoratissima, Alseodaphne and Litsea.

Sunday, July 4, 2010

Malacca (Melaka) Butterflies (last update 4 Jul 2010)

Malacca, an earliest developed state in Peninsular Malaysia (since 1377), have not much primary forest left, especially in Central Melaka (Melaka Tengah) (314 km²) districts. However, there're still 4 Recreational Forest (Hutan Rekreasi) can be found around the state, namely Ayer Keroh, Bukit Baru Lebah, Sungei Udang and Tanjung Tuan Recreational Forest.

It is interesting to conduct butterflies survey on above recreational forest, since there're not much butterflies information found at this state.

Overview of Malacca state (circled in red)

Google Earth view of Malacca state, not much greenery left, and those at the right hand side are mostly plantation.

Butterflies observed during my several trips to Malacca:
Family: Papilionidae
1. Chilasa clytia clytia (Common Mime)
2. Papilio demoleus malayanus (Lime Butterfly)
3. Papilio polytes romulus (Common Mormon)

Family: Pieridae
4. Catopsilia pyranthe pyranthe (Mottled Emigrant)
5. Appias libythea olferna (Striped Albatross)
6. Delias hyparete metarete (Painted Jezebel)
7. Leptosia nina malayana (Psyche)

Family: Nymphalidae
8. Acraea violae (Tawny Coster) - 19 Jun 2010
9. Euthalia aconthea gurda (Baron)
10. Hypolimnas bolina ?bolina
11. Junonia atlites atlites (Grey Pansy)
12. Junonia orithya wallacei (Blue Pansy)
13. Taxila haquinus haquinus (Harlequin)

Family: Lycaenidae
13. Chilades pandava pandava (Cycad Blue) - 19 Jun 2010
14. Euchrysops cnejus cnejus (Gram Blue)
15. Jamides celeno aelianus (Common Caerulean)
16. Zizina otis lampa (Lesser Grass Blue)

Family: Hesperiidae
17. Udaspes folus (Grass Demon)

Some photos of Malacca Butterflies (not from Butterflies Park)

Zizina otis lampa (Lesser Grass Blue)

Jamides celeno aelianus (Common Caerulean)

Taxila haquinus haquinus (Harlequin)

Taxila haquinus haquinus (Harlequin)

Junonia orithya wallacei (Blue Pansy - female)

Junonia orithya wallacei (Blue Pansy - male)

Delias hyparete metarete (Painted Jezebel)

Hypolimnas bolina ?bolina (Great Eggfly)

There're 4 species of Malaysian butterflies with name malacca:
Prioneris thestylis malaccana
Euthalia malaccana malaccana
Jamides malaccanus malaccanus
Prioneris thestylis malaccana